For the purpose of competitions, the official FIPJP age classification are:
|Benjamin||under 9 years old within the year|
|Minims||10, 11, 12 years old within the year|
|Cadets||13, 14, 15 years old within the year|
|Junior||16, 17 years old within the year|
|Senior||18 and over within the year|
|Veteran||over 60 within the year|
The French word “espoir” means “hope”. In sports, an “espoirs competition” or “espoirs level competition” is a competition for “newcomers” or “hopefuls”. More precisely, an espoirs competition is an age-restricted competition for young adult competitors. The age range for an espoirs competition depends on the sport and the rules of the body governing the competition.
In petanque, requirements for age-restricted competitions are specified in the same way that the age brackets are: “X years old within the year”. So for example, the European Petanque Confederation (CEP) specified the ages of the competitors in the 2015 European Espoirs Championships this way.
For 2015 the participants that are permitted will be those that are born 1993 up to 1997 inclusive. This means they will be 18 to under 23 in the year of the Championship.
To put it slightly differently: espoirs competitors must be 18 and over within the year but not 23 and over within the year. A player that turns 18 (has his or her 18th birthday) in the year of the competition can participate. A player that turns 23 in the year of the competition can not participate. That means that some participants may be only 17 on the actual date of the competition, but no competitor will be older than 22.