✋ Learning to shoot – form, consistency, accuracy

Recently a friend asked for suggestions for learning to shoot. Here are some thoughts, based on my own experience.

Personally, I find it helpful to practice shooting with three different goals in mind. I devote one part of my practice session to one of the goals, another part to another of the goals, and so on. My three goals are form, consistency, and accuracy.

When I first started practicing form and accuracy, I noticed that even though my form wasn’t too bad, my throws were wildly inconsistent. Some were low; some were high; some were short; some were long. I saw that I needed a third goal— consistency. Instead of thinking of consistency as hitting the target (accuracy), I began to think of it as a matter of control— of consistency in the speed of my throw, and consistency in when I opened my hand to release the boule.

1. Form
On the grounds that no one will ever be able to throw well if his/her form is bad, my first goal is to get my form right. That means doing two things.

  • Learning what good form looks like.
  • Learning how to throw with that kind of form.

A good way to learn what good form is— how experts move their bodies while they shoot— is to watch Youtube videos of world-class shooters. Some good videos are HERE, HERE, and HERE. As you watch, ignore the game and pay attention to the shooters’ form as they throw. What are they doing with their feet? Their knees, their shoulders? Their backswing, their follow-through, their non-throwing arm? No two players have exactly the same form, but there are a number of things that most world-class shooters do. Watch for those things, and create a mental image of your ideal throwing form. Better yet, if you find certain players whose form looks good to you, watch them a lot. They will give you a concrete picture of what you want to imitate.

A DailyMotion video of a recent match shows an expert shooter in full backswing. Note the position of his shoulders, torso, throwing hand, and non-throwing hand. A good model to imitate.

To really learn how to imitate that form— to learn how to do with your body what you see experts doing with their bodies— you need feedback on your efforts. Ideally you’d have a coach to watch you and give you useful feedback. If you don’t have a coach, enlist a friend to watch you and provide feedback. If you have a cell phone or digital camera, set it up and make a video of yourself while you’re practicing. Then you (and a friend or coach) can watch the video and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your form.

When you are practicing your form, don’t worry about how close you get to the target. Hit or miss, it makes no difference. Pay attention to how you’re moving your body. That’s what it means to practice your form.

2. Consistency
Once your form is workable, your second goal is consistency. To help practice consistency, I have rigged up two ribbons across my shooting pit, just above head height. And then I practiced throwing between those two ribbons, trying to throw to a consistent height. My theory is that if I can throw to a consistent height, then I’m gaining control over the point in my swing where I’m releasing the boule. And if I can throw to a consistent distance at the same time, then I’m gaining control over the strength (speed) of my throw.netted_shooting_pit_with_ribbons
Practicing with the ribbons helps keep me aware of the height to which I am actually throwing. And it helps me to get a better idea of what is a good/desirable height for my throw.

3. Accuracy
Once your form is workable and you have enough control to throw consistently, your final goal is accuracy… putting the boule onto the ground where you want it to go (i.e. immediately in front of the target boule). The only way to learn this is to practice a lot. When you throw, pay attention to where your thrown boule lands with respect to the target boule. Assess the accuracy. Did the boule land where you wanted it to? Or was it long? short? left? right? Then throw again. Throw, watch, repeat. A lot.

Sometimes it is helpful to stand at a fixed distance and just throw and throw until you get the distance down. But don’t do that all of the time. Practice throwing in rotation. Throw a few boules from one distance, and then move to a new position and throw from a different distance. During real play you will need to shoot from a variety of distances, and practicing this way helps to prepare you to do that.

Note that practice isn’t just a matter of mental learning; it’s a matter of physical training. When you practice, you’re building the muscular strength, flexibility, and reaction-speed that you will need in order to throw a boule all of the way from the circle to the target.

10 thoughts on “✋ Learning to shoot – form, consistency, accuracy

  1. Best articles about petanque i have read … I have this question about shooting (TIR). I am right handed. When I start the TIR, standing in the circle, on what leg should I put the weight of my body?


    • Stand up straight, with your torso vertical. Start with your right foot slightly in front of your left foot, with your right foot pointed directly at the target.

      Bend your right knee slightly. This will allow your right shoulder easily to move slightly forward and to the right and drop – this will insure that your throwing arm is slightly away from your hip, so there is no chance of hitting your hip during the swing. If you throw with a big backswing, this posture will also allow you easily to bend even farther forward, making it easier to raise the boule in your right hand high behind you.

      Keep your left leg straight, with your weight on your left leg/foot.

      During your swing, as your right arm comes forward, your weight will naturally shift forward and onto your right leg/foot. Your right knee will naturally bend a bit more as your weight shifts onto it, like a spring. The bent right leg acts as a spring, smoothing out the motion of your swing. At the end of your swing, your weight will be on your right leg and the “spring” will be flexed.

      If you watch Youtube videos of Philippe Suchaud (and many other world-class shooters), this is basically what you will see, although it may be hard to see: Philippe is so skillful that he has reduced his form to the minimum necessary to get the job done. See also the photos at https://petanque.wordpress.com/technique/how-to-throw-a-boule/, especially the photos of Malek Hfraiedh and Marco Foyot.


      • Thank you for your clear and detailed answer and for this excellent link.
        Philippe Suchaud IS THE BEST. As you say “Philippe is so skillful that he has reduced his form to the minimum necessary to get the job done”. The young Molinas Tyson is excellent too.
        Quintais et Fazzino are excellent but hard to imitate…

        Liked by 1 person

  2. Recently, I read Artem Zurev’s blog (again) on foot positioning and interestingly, he recommended (if possible) for players to use what he termed “classic stance” of two feet side by side with a fist size gap in between, with knees slightly bend to “ground” the centre of gravity. I tried it, yes, it is very stable but need to readjust the throwing arm “alignment” from my usual pivot foot forward stance. I noted that, among today’s players, only Christian Fazzino and Marco Foyot still stand this way, the old boys. I wonder if this stance will ever make a comeback. You can really experience the “feel the force” approach with this stance instead of technique driven !! Now, I understand why in some articles, they said Fazzino used the “feel” method. By the way, if you can master this stance and method, it is a joy to shoot !!


  3. My question is about “follow-through” and the effect on accuracy. It appears on video that a shooters arm is crossing over their chest. Doesn’t such a follow-through have an effect on the spin of the boule? I wish there was video showing (in slow motion) a close-up of the boule being release from the hand.


    • I think the arm-across-the-chest follow-through is rare in top shooters, but you do see it occasionally. https://youtu.be/Q5z4nhG2vWA?t=24
      In this clip Henri Lacroix’s elbow breaks, his arm comes across his chest, and he comes up onto his toes. This is definitely not his normal throwing form. It looks like a last-minute compensation for being off-balance. He seems to do it AFTER releasing the boule, and judging by the results it didn’t affect his accuracy. 🙂

      Since we’re talking about shooting (rather than pointing), I think that spin on the boule is not an issue. But if you have to begin to compensate for being unstable or off-balance BEFORE releasing the boule, then I think that accuracy definitely could become an issue. So that’s a good argument for working to acquire a good (i.e. stable, balanced) throwing form.


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