Automatic boule return machines

I love weird and/or ingenious devices that are designed to help you practice petanque. In this post, I gather together a few pictures of the most interesting kind of device, the automatic boule return (ABR) machine. ABR machines fall into four basic categories, based (a) on whether the target boule is fixed in place or can be shot away, and (b) whether the machine uses gravity or an electrice motor to return boules to the player.

Fixed-target gravity-powered machines

The most basic design for an ABR machine uses a fixed target and gravity to return thrown boules to the player.

In 2007, the Midwest Petanque Alliance had a post about this machine, which was for sale on eBay France.

Description: Very nice machine for a Petanque club which returns shot boules. A target boule is attached by a cable to the center of the shooting piste. The machine takes note of the force of the shots, and displays them on a screen (1,2 or 3) while returning the shooting boule to the player.

CLICK to see larger image.bar_france_ebay_2007

Here is another machine of the same type. In the lower right-hand corner of the photo, you can see the entrance to the gravity-feed boule-return tube. Perhaps this was built as a promotional tool for KTK. CLICK to see larger image.

I built my own gravity-powered ABR machine. The boule backstop was a heavy old carpet. I would throw as hard as I could and the carpet absorbed it easily, so I would practice throwing as hard as I could.

The most ingenious design for a gravity-powered ABR that I know of, is Jeff Brown’s Boule-O-Matic 3000.

Fixed-target electricity-powered machines

Here is a video of an ABR machine (which calls itself a BAR machine, for “boule automatic return”) in Wateringen, the Netherlands. This device uses an electric motor to lift the thrown boules and return them, like the ball return machines in American bowling alleys. The target boule is fixed in place. If you are a Facebook member, click on the picture and you can watch a short video of the machine in action.

Movable-target gravity-powered machines

This is a picture taken, I believe, at the Marathon booth at the SEA games in Thailand. Marathon is a Thai manufacturer of sports and fitness equipment, including petanque boules. Most ABR machines have a target boule that is fixed in place. This machine, however, allows you to knock the target boule out of position. When you do, both the thrown boule and the target boule are returned via the yellow tube on the right. To replace the target boule that has been displaced, the player takes one of the boules that has been returned to him and feeds it back toward the head via the yellow tube on the left, which neatly rolls the boule into position to become a new target. There is no machinery involved in the process; gravity does all of the work. CLICK to see larger image.bar_thailand

Movable-target electricity-powered machines

There is a similar machine called the Petanque Shooting Trainer, or PST. Unlike the previous machine (but like the ABR in the Netherlands) the PST uses powered machinery to return boules to the player. The PST returns both thrown boules and displaced target boules along a track (the upper track). To replace the target boule, a player takes one of the returned boules and sends it back to the machine via the lower track. The machine then feeds the boule up through the floor of the device, putting it into place as a new target boule.

The PST was developed by an Australian player named Martial Leconte, who built the first prototype in his back yard in 2007. Later he and another Australian player built a second prototype and took it on an exhibition tour of pétanque events in Europe.[1] In the summer of 2016 the device was exhibited in several events in France, and tested by a number of well-known shooters— videos are available on Youtube and on the PST Facebook page. PST has announced that a new model will be presented on tour in the summer of 2018, and that the Rocher family website may become distributors of the device in France.

So that’s my collection of ABR machines. If you have photos or information about other automatic boule return machines, please leave a comment.

Strange petanque training devices

I like toys. I’m fascinated by ideas for devices to help with petanque practice.

Here is a photo taken at a petanque tournament in 2015 at Ville de Romans-sur-Isère. At first I thought that it was some kind of petanque practice device.

I think it is a modified version of a traditional French game called boule à la pente (ball up the slope). The goal is to roll balls up the board and into the holes.

A similar game, called bumble puppy (also known as “nine holes”), was a popular pub game in England in the late 1700s. Here it is being played in 1803.

Another version of bumble puppy was played on a slanting board with nine compartments rather than holes.

This table-top game is known to have existed as early as 1530. In France in the 17th century it was known as trou madame. It was played with balls or with rolling disks, either on the ground or on a table-top. boule_trou_madame

You can see a device for playing ground-level trou madame at the left side of the photo of boule à la pente (above). In this YouTube video of Festival de Pétanque Düsseldorf 2010 you can see a version being played with petanque boules (it appears briefly at about 4:30).

It’s an easy transition from trou madame to a pointing-practice device. This home-made device appears on the Midwest Petanque Alliance web site.

Here is a very sturdy version of the same idea. If you don’t feel like nailing together a few pieces of scrap lumber, you can buy it from a German company for only 400 euros.

The same Germany company also offers shooting training devices that automatically pull the target boule back into place, allowing you immediately to shoot at it again. In this device, the target boule is suspended from a crossbar.

It’s a good idea, but probably not worth hundreds of Euros. A villager in Thailand built his own version of this device with a few pieces of old pipe and some cheap leisure boules.

This device allows you to attach 1, 2, or 3 target boules to it via springs.

I don’t understand why these devices cost hundreds of Euros when for a few dollars you can easily build something yourself that works quite well. I tied a whiffle ball ($5 at my local Ace hardware store) to a length of bungee cord. It works great.

This device appears in a post on the Brighton Petanque Club web site. shooting_a_back_boule
“The club at Istrès held an informal Shooting a Back Boule competition one afternoon. Shooting a Back Boule at 10m is one of the great traditions at French clubs. Shooting is, of course, a key part of the game and shooting a back boule at 10m is one of the hardest tests shooters have to face. You can just place two boules on the terrain but often you’ll see a special area set aside for such practice – usually either an old tire with two boules bolted on or a piece of rubber, which is what we have at Brighton and what they used at Istrès.”

A simple device to assist in practicing shooting au fer is a barrier in front of the target boule. In this shooting workshop at the Tucson Petanque Club, the barriers are 8-foot 2x4s, cut in half, with the halves duct-taped together.


Two of the strangest devices I’ve seen are these. In this 2009 video their inventor, Louis Amour, shows them in action. They are actually rather neat devices for drawing the target circle (cible) and positioning the target balls for a precision-shooting contest.
louis_amor_device_ecole louis_amor_device_perso

These devices appeared in 2007 on the blog of the Midwest Petanque Alliance. They may be some early prototypes made by Louis Amour.

Another device of this type is available at, while an elegant version (see below) is available at the Rocher family website.Outil_de_placement_boules_tir_de_precision-2[1]
Here is a Youtube video demonstrating a similar tool. Skip to about 2:20 to see the actual demonstration.


On the Facebook page of the Zanesfield Petanque Club Bo Johns provided a picture of his “indoor shooting pit”.zanesfield_petanque_indoor_shooting_pit

 HOW TO BUILD AN INDOOR PIT (AKA Giant litter-box)
1) Disassemble your large-breed's dog cage
2) Steal the bottom section of the cage
3) Steal the dog's mattress to use as landing pad
4) Snatch 4 short posts from the neighbor's fence to use as stoppers
5) Use large plastic strap to hold fence posts
6) You're all set for winter practices.

Here is a newer version of the same idea.


Is that home plate?  Or a shooting pit?

Is that home plate? Or a shooting pit?

Joe Acchiardi, of La Boule Joyeuse in Maryland, uses old baseballs as practice targets. They’re about the right size, and you won’t bang up your real boules by using them as practice targets. If you succeed with a nice tir au baseball you don’t get the loud THWOK that you’d get with a boule, so you can practice quietly in your back yard without irritating the neighbors with the noise.


A wooden bench placed near the jack can help to practice lobbing. The red arrow in this photo of a Japanese training session points to the thrown boule, which is dropping nearly vertically onto the target. Marco Foyot runs training classes with crossbars of PVC pipe placed in the same way.


If you enjoyed this post, you might also like our post on automatic boule return devices or how to build a shooting pit.