Buying competition boules

This page contains information for the American player who has decided to purchase his/her first set of competition boules. For our specific recommendations based on this information, see the recommendations on our page for beginners.

Features to consider when choosing boules ▲

Considerations related to the boule’s physical composition include:

  1. the material (carbon steel or stainless steel)
  2. the hardness (how elastic or “bouncy” the boule is)
  3. the finish (for carbon steel boules… chrome finish, matte chrome finish, no finish)

Other things to consider include:

  1. the size (the diameter, in centimeters)
  2. the weight (in grams)
  3. the striations (the pattern of striations on the boule)
  4. the manufacturer of the boules, and the cost

When you go to an online web site and look at different models of boules, each model represents a combination of (material + hardness + finish). Once you’ve picked out a model, you will be asked to choose a size, a weight, and a striation pattern.

Manufacturer and cost ▲

Boules manufacturers fall into three basic categories.

  • The market leader
    There is the single, big, well-known manufacturer that dominates the market on the basis of its reliability and wide selection. In the world of petanque boules, this means Obut, the French giant that has over 85% of the world market share in boules.
  • The boutique/cult brands
    These are smaller brands that compete on perceived superior quality. Their prices are high, and they tend to have a small but loyal fan base. In the world of boules, this means such brands as KTK and Boule Bleue. Over the years OBUT has bought up and retired many of the older boutique brands, including JB Petanque, MS Petanque and Boule Noire.
  • The mass market
    Finally, there are manufacturers who compete on the basis of simple, solid quality and a limited set of options at an affordable price. La Franc was once a strong player in this market, but Petanque America no longer carries La Franc boules. In the USA, the mass market now belongs to Decathlon’s house brand, Geologic.

For a bit more about brand names, see our brief overview of boules manufacturers.

Role-based recommendations ▲

There is a traditional school of thought that says that you should choose your boules based on the role you play in a triplets team — a pointer should use a small, heavy boule with striations, a shooter should use a large, light, smooth boule, and so on. In our opinion, the whole idea of role-based recommendations is BS dubious, and certainly useless for beginning and mid-level players. To read more about it, see our post on player role and boule selection.

Size ▲

An FIPJP-licensed competition-quality boule must be in the size range of 70.5 to 80 millimeters (mm) in diameter. Generic Chinese leisure boules are typically 73mm in diameter, while Obut leisure boules are 74mm.

It is only common sense that there must be some approximate relationship between the size of a person’s hand and the size of a boule that will fit comfortably into that hand. A person with small hands will probably prefer a small boule; a person with middle-sized hands… etc. etc.

A number of methods have been devised for picking a boule-size based on a person’s hand-size. We discuss these methods in another post. But shopping for boules is like shopping for shoes — the best way to do it is to go around trying on things until you find the size that fits you. If you have friends who own competition boules, ask your friends if you can try out, or at least hold, their boules to see if you can find a size that feels comfortable. At first, all sizes will feel the same — don’t worry, that’s normal.

We advise beginning players— even the biggest of men with the biggest of hands— to start with a boule no larger than 74 mm. For most people (and especially women, who tend to have smaller hands) the best choice is a smaller boule (73, 72, or 71 mm). If in doubt, we recommend going smaller rather than larger. If you find that (when playing a lot) your forearm gets tired and sore, you probably should try a smaller boule, or a different grip. (Read our posts Are Your Boules Too Big? and Two ways to hold a boule.)

Many serious women players like the smallest legal size of competition boules— 70.5mm. It is available in Obut’s Match IT and Match TR lines, but not, unfortunately, in Obut’s least-expensive line, Match.
Drawing by Phillipe Boets, 2006

Weight ▲

A FIPJP-licensed boule must be in the weight range of 650 to 800 grams — about 2 or 2.5 pounds. “Junior” boules for players 11 and younger, can weigh as little as 600 grams.

Weight, like size, is often simply a matter of personal preference. Most players prefer boules that weigh between 680 and 720 grams. Slight differences of weight that would be important to advanced players are not important to the beginning player, so for your first set of competition boules, we suggest that you choose a set that weighs 680 grams, and then don’t think about it again for at least a year.

If you find that you are using all of your strength to muscle your way through the throw, you probably don’t need a lighter boule (and a lighter boule wouldn’t help). More likely, you need to work on your form. Learn how you can use the weight of the boule rather than fighting it. If you find that your hand and wrist get sore from gripping and holding on to the boule, you may need a smaller boule rather than a lighter one.

Hardness ▲

For your first set of competition boules, we recommend harder boules. Harder boules tend to be cheaper than softer boules, and they are less likely to develop gouges and burrs if you play on surfaces with hard, sharp rocks. Until you become very skillful, the hardness of your boules is going to make no real difference in how well you play.

For advanced players, soft or semi-soft boules may be a bit easier to control — although we DON’T buy into that old wives tale about softer boules being more likely to produce carreaux. For more information, see our page on Selecting competition boules – hardness.

Striations (aka grooves, lines, stripes)  ▲

Choose whatever striations, or no striations at all, appeal to you. The more unique the shape of the striations, the easier it will be to identify your own boules. Putting a little magic marker, acrylic paint, or fingernail polish in the striations can make them even more distinctive.

Paint doesn’t stick to chrome, so for chromed boules we recommend using a broad-tipped permanent marker in the grooves. Magic marker will slowly wear off, but it is cheap and easy to re-apply. For more information, see our page on Selecting competition boules – striations

Material ▲

Today, virtually all boules are made of steel (acier) — either stainless steel (inox) or carbon steel (carbon).

The advantage of stainless steel boules is that they will not rust. Carbon steel boules (unless the humidity is very high, e.g. at the seashore) will be polished by the terrain and will remain rust-free as long as they are used regularly. If left to sit in humid conditions, a carbon steel boule may develop a coat of rust. If you stop playing for a while, you can keep your carbon-steel boules from rusting by storing them with some dry rice, dusting them with talcum powder, or giving them a light coating of oil or WD-40. If they do rust, or if you find an old rusty set, a steel brush and then a few days of play will remove the rust and leave the boules with a darkened color and a slightly rough surface that gives a good grip.

The disadvantage of stainless steel boules is that they cannot be picked up with a magnetic boule lifter. Also: stainless steel boules tend to be more expensive than carbon steel boules.

Finish ▲

Most boules are a dull grey or silver color. Some have a “satin” (very bright shiny, glossy) finish like the chrome trim on your automobile, or a more subdued “matte” or “brushed steel” finish.

Most Chinese-made leisure boules have a high-gloss chrome layer that is attached to the steel boule by a thin layer of copper and nickel. The chrome layer is tough, but after MUCH play it may start to wear off. This exposes the copper layer and the boules will start to turn red-orange. If you see a set of copper-colored leisure boules, you know they have been well-used over many years.

Competition-quality carbon steel boules will arrive from the manufacturer covered in a thin coat of paint to prevent rust while sitting in the stockroom. Brands like Boule Noire and Boule Bleue get their names from the color of this coat of paint, not from the color of the steel itself. The paint will wear off after a few hours of play, leaving the naked carbon steel.

Different players have different preferences. Many players prefer the feel of a very smooth high-gloss finish because they feel that it gives a clean release when they throw. But others prefer a rougher finish because they find that when their hands get dusty or sweaty, very smooth boules can become either slippery or sticky; a rougher finish gives better control.

See also our post What is a boule made of?

Byron Putman’s book Petanque has a very good chapter on boule selection.


19 thoughts on “Buying competition boules

    • I think it varies from competition to competition. My impression is that it is done at FIPJP-approved international competitions such as the world championships and continental confederation competitions (e.g. the CEP Eurocup). Some competitions in Europe have substantial money prizes, and I expect that such competitions may routinely inspect the boules, at least for the final rounds. In large competitions it is not practical for umpires to inspect every boule used by every player, so inspection is carried out on an ad hoc basis. That is, if during a game a team suspects that the opposing team is playing with stuffed boules, they can report their suspicions to the umpire, who can then inspect the boules. That’s what Article 2A of the FIPJP rules is all about.

      Probably boules won’t be measured for size unless there is enough visible wear to make the markings on the boules difficult to read. Weight is more important than size because the limits on size are not very restrictive and because petanque has a long history of players trying to “stuff” boules. Simply weighing a boule and comparing its weight to its marked weight is a simple test for a stuffed boule, but there are devices for more sophisticated tests. You can find more information about these devices on pp. 30-33 of A Guide to the Rules of Petanque, which also briefly discusses issues around the coloring or painting of boules. It is available at

      It might be interesting to put this question to Mike Pegg, who of course has a lot of experience with the procedures of high-level competitions. If you do, you’re more likely to get a useful answer if you make your question as specific as possible. That is… “Do you (or, how do you) inspect boules for valid weights at the English national championships?” or “at the Eurocup” or “at the world championships?”


      • Thank you, I was just about to ask about Article 2A and you beat me to it 😉 Good idea on dropping a question to Mike Pegg on this.


      • I have just purchased Engelhart Boules a set of 3. It says on the boules that they have a weight of 720 grams and the other number is 21. There is no name of Engelhart Boules on the set of 3.

        What are the necessary parameters for boules to be allowed in competition? Is the 21 the numerical identification? … but then what of the name of the company on the boules? If these parameters aren’t all met then they aren’t competition boules?


  1. Hello !
    There is one aspect of boule quality that I MISS in your dealing with competition boules, and that is EQUILIBRIUM or BALANCE. What I mean is the quality of a boule to keep rolling in the same direction over the ground once you’ve sent it on its way, other factors of influence apart.

    This quality might justify the big price differences that we find in competition boules. But are there really big differences between a, say, Obut Match and an Obut ATX, as far as balance is concerned?


    • Hi Hans,
      Also missing is the topic of the sphericity of boules, that is: how closely the shape of a boule approximates a geometrically perfect sphere.

      That’s an important feature of a boule that is separate from its balance. What makes me think of it is that we can think of “balance” as the distance between a spherical boule’s geometric center and its center of mass. Balance could be affected by a number of factors— the internal and external sphericity of the boule, the consistency of the thickness and density of the steel and the welding, irregular internal shapes (such as internal ribbing for bounce suppression), and so on.

      I don’t know of any objective data about differences in the sphericity or balance of different models of boules, but given the precision of modern machining techniques, I think that those differences must be so small as to be insignificant for all practical purposes. And as far as I know Obut isn’t using those differences as marketing tools in describing the performance of different models of boules.


  2. It would be nice to read the results of your investigation here. I am interested as well. It seems indeed a bit strange that on the one hand, OBUT is using this category of equilibrium, but on the other hand without promoting it very much in its own advertising. The leading sellers of OBUT here in Germany don’t mention it at all. The thing is, the category makes sense and would justify the big price differences between boules. —
    By the way, the only real test of boule balance I have found in the internet is this one:

    where Boulenciel demonstrates its “Boulehonnette”. Boulenciel is supposed to produce the best-balanced boules of all, but who has ever tested that objectively??? You would have to use the Boulehonnette with balls of different brands.


  3. I have come across a set of Competition Boules, but cannot find any information about the brand. UNIC. they are stamped 740 and have the letter T also and there are two sets or triplets, one set with 69 number and the other 41, what do these 69 and 41 numbers represent?. thanks


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