Terminology – court, terrain, boulodrome

Americans often use the expression “petanque court”, but technically this is wrong. The proper term is a petanque terrain or (depending on the context) a boulodrome.

Some petanque players actively dislike the expression “petanque court” because they feel that the word “court” implies that— just as you need a tennis court to play tennis, and you need a basketball court to play basketballt— you need a special kind of facility to play petanque. But that isn’t true. As the Petanque America web site says

Actually the word “court” is a misnomer. We use it here because many people search for that term. Petanque is by nature a game one can play without a setup, sort of like frisbee.

Certainly you don’t need fancy or expensive facilities to play petanque. As Byron Putman says, petanque is quite different from golf—

There are no lush fairways, sparkling blue waters or veranda bars with bistro tables and lazily swirling ceiling fans. … I regularly play on public walking paths, gravel parking lots and even empty fields — that’s why we call it a “terrain” and not a court, to signify the lack of grooming. Petanque terrains don’t require water, fertilizer, pesticides or maintenance.

On the other hand, although you don’t NEED elaborate facilities to enjoy petanque, there are indeed sports facilities designed and constructed specifically for the playing of petanque. Most of them are in France. They are called “boulodromes”.

Terrain and boulodrome ▲

The word “terrain”, when used in connection with petanque, means simply “the area where you’re playing a game of petanque”. It doesn’t imply any sort of permanent facility. In my home town, we simply walk down to the local park and find a flat, open spot to play. While we are playing, that spot in the park is our terrain.

The word “boulodrome” goes back to the ancient Greeks. “Hippos” was the Greek word for “horse” and a “hippodrome” was a facility for horse races, a race track. Similarly, a “boulodrome” is a facility designed, constructed, and used for playing boules. Just as a tennis facility may provide one or more tennis courts, a petanque boulodrome may provide one or more “lanes”. Like a tennis facility, a boulodrome might be outdoors, covered, or completely enclosed. An outdoor boulodrome is a boulodrome exterieur. A covered or enclosed boulodrome is a boulodrome couvert.

Outdoor boulodrome, Le Lavandou, Var, France

Outdoor boulodrome, Le Lavandou, Var, France

Covered and partially enclosed boulodrome in Livinhac-le-haut, Aveyron, France

Covered and partially enclosed boulodrome in Livinhac-le-haut, Aveyron, France.

A very new and modern completely enclosed boulodrome in Bas-Bugey, France.  With such a facility it is possible to play at night, and year-round.

A very new and modern completely enclosed boulodrome in Bas-Bugey, France. With such a facility it is possible to play at night, and year-round. CLICK to view larger image.

Also— petanque is not bocce ▲

When a petanque player rejects the expression “petanque court”, he may also be pointing out that you don’t need a court to play petanque… the way you do with bocce.

In the United States there are many more bocce players than petanque players. The Italians simply got to America sooner, and in greater numbers, than the French did. So when it comes to public funding, bocce gets all the visibility and all the money. To American petanque players, this seems both unfair and stupid.

I’ve just read The Joy of Bocce, where the author advocates the construction of bocce courts in schools across the United States. That’s the typical “bait-and-switch” tactic of bocce promoters. They hide the fact that bocce requires extremely expensive, high-maintenance courts. I have seen public bocce courts in California and Oregon that cost thousands of dollars to install, and after months of lack of maintenance have become completely unplayable.

Petanque is played on hard dirt with a little crushed rock (D.G., decomposed granite). Many public parks have open areas or paths with exactly this kind of surface. These areas are essentially maintenance-free. They are perfect for petanque, and they are also available for general public use. Why spend huge amounts of money to build dedicated bocce courts that require expensive ongoing maintenance, when for pennies on the dollar school and city officials can create multi-use, virtually maintenance-free dirt and D.G. terrains?

Petanque on public walking paths in Centennial Garden, Denver, Colorado, USA

Petanque on public walking paths in Centennial Gardens, Denver, Colorado, USA

Boulodromes  ▲

Some boulodromes, especially in France (where they spend a lot of money on boulodromes) are truly beautiful. To see some pictures of nice terrains and boulodromes, see THIS POST.

Beautiful outdoor boulodromes

Here are a few pictures of places where petanque is played (“boulodromes”), just for fun and to give you some ideas of what might be possible.
To see full images, right-click on the image and select “Open image in new tab”.

Collioure, France (courtesy of Homage to Barcelona). Real-world obstacles — trees, a light post, a sewer cover. Nice shady trees, a few benches for spectators, a gentleman walking his dog. This is real petanque.

An open terrain in L’Île-Rousse, a commune in the Haute-Corse département of Corsica, France.

A park in Orange, France.

The petanque club in Revel, France holds a tournament in the town park.

The Cote d’Azur.

One of the most pleasant places I’ve ever played — a public park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

A public park in Tucson, Arizona, USA (Reid Park)

Somewhere in France

Somewhere in France

Somewhere in France

A public park in Tucson, Arizona, USA (Harold Bell Wright Park)

Augusta, Maine, USA (Mill Park)

location unknown