Buying boules

This page contains basic information about boules, information about what to buy and where to buy it, and recommendations for new and beginning players.

Information about ►types of boules ►sets of boules ►vendors
Recommendations for new players►leisure boules ►competition boules

►How to select competition boules (size, weight, etc.)
►Make a throwing circle ►Make your own jacks ►Buy a tape measure
►Buying boules for groups
►Boules for indoors play
►Leisure boules vs. competition boules

Types of boules ▲

Most discussions will tell you that there are two basic categories of boules — leisure and competition. But the situation is a little more interesting than that.

  1. obut_DOG_boules_with_boxLeisure boules are inexpensive boules meant for occasional or casual play. They may be called leisure (French: loisir), recreational, generic, or DOG boules. (DOG boules were one of Obut’s earliest models of leisure boules.) They are available in only one weight and size and with a bright chrome finish. They are made of thinner steel than competition boules, and are usually filled with rocks and dirt to bring them up to the proper weight.
    Most inexpensive leisure boules are made in China. As of 2016, a set of three Chinese-made leisure boules will typically cost around $20. The French company OBUT makes leisure boules of a higher quality and and a bigger price tag (three or four times that of Chinese leisure boules). Chinese leisure boules tend to run in the range of about 73mm in diameter, with a weight around 720g. The current (as of 2017) line of OBUT stainless-steel (inox) leisure boules are about 73mm in diameter and weight around 660g.
  2. Competition boules are boules designed for serious competition play. More precisely, they are boules that have been certified (homologuées) by the International Petanque Federation (FIPJP) for use in FIPJP-sanctioned tournaments. Competition boules must meet FIPJP standards, and are always hollow (i.e. never filled with anything). They are available in a variety of sizes, weights, hardnesses, and striation patterns. Competition boules are between 70.5-80 mm in diameter, and 650-800 grams in weight.
    Competition boules are made of thicker and stronger metal than leisure boules and are more carefully machined (so they will be more consistent in size, weight, and balance). They are also significantly more expensive than leisure boules. That’s why, when you’re starting out and learning the game, you should use a set of (cheaper, but still quite functional) leisure boules. Later, if you find yourself getting better and playing more often, you can upgrade to a set of competition boules. A set of three competition boules will, depending on what you purchase, cost from $90 up to two or three hundred dollars.

    For more information, see our page on leisure boules vs. competition boules.

  3. Compét. Juniors — For adults, the smallest legal size of competition boules is 70.5mm. It is a size very much appreciated by serious women players with small hands. For many years, JB Petanque sold 70.5mm boules under the label Compét. Junior. Obut acquired JB, retired the “Compét. Junior” line, and now offers 70.5mm boules in its Match IT model.
  4. Juniors — When playing in junior tournaments, children age 11 and younger may use “junior” boules (65mm diameter, 600g weight). Obut’s line of Match Minimes is available from Petanque America. Note that these ARE competition boules, but not for adult players; only for kids 11 and under.
  5. Junior leisure boules — Confusingly, Obut also makes a set of “junior leisure” boules (junior loisir or junior initiation or initiation enfant). These are leisure boules, in a smaller size suitable for children. Note that these are NOT competition boules for either adults or children.
  6. boules__for_soft_petanqueThere are a variety of types of soft petanque boules for indoors play. They aren’t real boules, but they aren’t quite toys either. For more information, see our page on indoors petanque boules.
  7. carpet_boulesMini boules are 35mm metal balls typically sold as “carpet boules” or mini bocce/ petanque boules. In France they are called jeu de boules d’intérieur. They look like real boules, but are about half the diameter. We keep a set so that the toddlers can play with boules that look like what the big people are using.
  8. plastic_boules_set2Boule-like toyssets of plastic or wooden balls aren’t real boules. They can be fun for the kids, or for playing not-too-serious games at the beach. For more information, google “beach bocce ball”.

Sets of boules ▲

Boules are available from various sellers in sets of two, three, four, six, or eight boules. You have to be careful about what you’re buying. You should buy boules only in sets of 3 or 6 boules. And even then, you have to watch out for the striations (stripes) on the balls — see the discussion of the Jacques of London leisure boules (below).

  • In the past, sets of two boules in a leather carrying case were traditional for playing triples in the south of France. That’s why you frequently see old sets of this type on eBay. Do not buy such sets. To be able to play doubles you will need a set of three boules. That’s why today manufacturers sell competition boules only in sets of three.
  • You may see “petanque” boules being sold in sets of four or eight. For example, Playaboule sells sets of 8 metal boules that it calls “bocce/petanque” balls. Such sets are typically 4 sets of two boules each. Do not buy such sets. None of the standard forms of petanque can be played with that combination of boules.
  • jacques_of_london_boules_setBe careful even with boules being sold in a set of six, such as the sets by boules by Jacques of London, L.L. Bean, and the Canadian vendor Marcod. These sets don’t contain 2 sets of three boules each — they contain 3 sets of two boules each. Do not buy such sets. None of the standard forms of petanque can be played with that combination of boules.
  • Never buy a set of boules that comes in a wooden or metal box. In the fantasy life of people who don’t really play petanque, the box conveys an aura of expense, quality, and elegance. (That’s what allows a vendor to jack up the price of a set of cheap leisure boules.) In real life, the box is useless. Save your money for a good set of competition boules.
  • Proper petanque boules are sold only in sets of 3 or 6 boules — that is, as 1 or 2 sets of three boules each. The picture at the right is of a set of six petanque leisure boules available from the Petanque America online store. Such a set is enough to equip two people to play doubles or triples.

Vendors (Where to buy boules) ▲

There are no brick-and-mortar petanque stores in the United States — places where you can walk in and try out boules the way you might try on shoes in a shoe store. To purchase boules, you must use an online, web-based vendor.

  • Petanque America is really the only good choice for buying boules in the United States. It is the only USA-based vendor that specializes in petanque equipment. If there is a specific set of boules that you want and they don’t have it in stock, they can special order it for you.
  • PlayABoule is a good source for bocce balls as well as inexpensive petanque leisure boules.
  • Marcod, in Canada, is a reliable online vendor of Obut competition boules. They also sell leisure boules, but be careful. Almost all of their sets of leisure boules are sets of two or three pairs of boules, which we think is a bad idea (see above).
  • It is possible to order directly from French manufacturers and suppliers, but shipping costs from France are extremely high. For special requests, you’re probably better off contacting Petanque America and seeing if they can special-order the specific boules that you are seeking.
  • eBay is generally not a good source for boules. It is very difficult to tell exactly what is being offered — in many cases the sellers themselves don’t know. Most boules that you find on eBay America are not certified competition quality. And remember that we recommend that you not purchase sets of two boules. Watch out for the seller location— French sellers sometimes have listings on eBay America, and shipping costs from France to the USA can be ruinous.
  • It’s fun to look for boules on eBay France. But be warned, shipping costs from France to the USA can be ruinous. Unless you’re made of money, you’re better off shopping first at Petanque America.
  • If you’re in the mood to look for old boules, it can also be fun to look for boules on etsy.

Our recommendations for beginning or new petanque players ▲

Don’t spend a lot of money on boules before you’ve had time to really get a feel for the game. So…

Leisure Boules ▲

PetanqueAmerica_LeisureBoules_setOf6For your first set of boules, we recommend Petanque America’s set of six leisure boules.

A cost-effective approach is to buy TWO sets of six boules each. That will be enough (12 boules) to equip four people to play doubles. Two such sets can fit into one “If it fits, it ships” box, keeping shipping costs to a minimum. As of May 2015, that will be a one-time cost of around $75 (includes shipping).

With two such sets you will have six “smooth” boules (boules lisses) and six double-groove boules. You’ll be able to distinguish the boules of the two teams (grooves vs. smooth), but not the boules of individual players. PetanqueAmerica_SetOf3LeisureBoulesIf you want every player to have his own distinct set of boules, for a few more dollars you can buy—

  • one set of 6 boules (three smooth, three double-groove boules), and
  • one set of 3 boules (single-groove wide), and
  • one set of 3 boules (single-groove narrow).

When your order your boules, think about adding a couple of Obut jacks to your order. Your set of boules will include a jack, but the Obut jacks are noticeably better, and there is no extra shipping charge if you add a few to your order. Red is a popular color but we think that yellow is more visible.

Competition Boules ▲

When you’re ready to purchase competition boules, we recommend that you visit the Petanque America online store.

We formerly recommended La Franc SM boules as a beginning boule, primarily because of their low cost. Unfortunately, as of the end of 2016, Petanque America no longer carries La Franc boules. So your best option at this time is one of the least expensive models of Obut competition boules.

In selecting a model you are selecting material (basically stainless steel or carbon steel) and hardness. Once you’ve selected a model, you will be asked to specify a size, a weight, and a striation pattern.

  • We recommend a weight of 680g if it is available. 700g boules are often more easily available and they work well too.
  • A diameter of 73mm is a good choice for the average-size male American player. If you have unusually large hands, you might consider a larger boule of 74mm or 75mm. For players with smaller hands we recommend a diameter of 71mm, which is the smallest size allowed for adult competition boules that is generally available.
  • Striation patterns are a matter of taste.

For considerations when selecting competition boules, see our post on How to select competition boules (size, weight, etc.)


6 thoughts on “Buying boules

  1. The eight-boule sets from Playaboule come as two boules each of one stripe, two stripe, three stripe, and four stripe. You would still have to play doubles with mis-matched boules, but at least one could have the same color– silver or gold tone. I have bought three sets of eight and resorted them into four sets of six to resell to people who just want an inexpensive starter set,

    One other thought on your article: a “good-quality” set of leisure boules from OBUT costs about $75 for set of six these days. The $25-$35 sets are made in China and the quality is nowhere near those made in France.

    Jules says —
    Thanks. Good points. I have re-written the post to point out that there is more than one quality-level for leisure boules.

  2. It is possible to buy competition grade boules on eBay as long as one knows what questions to ask the seller. It is a requirement of FIPJP that competition boules have the trademark of the manufacturer and the weight (in grams) engraved on them, and although it is not officially required, the manufacturers also add a distinctive serial number (same numbers on each boule set) and some brands even have the diameter engraved on them.

    Knowing this, one could ask the seller to describe the markings on the boules and obviously, even if the seller does not really knows what he is selling…..You do!!

    PS: If you are not familiar with which trademarks are officially approved by the FIPJP (not all are) ask a knowledgeable friend or visit the FIPJP’s webpage to find a list of approved boules.

  3. I live in Toronto and would like to buy boules from a store in Toronto (good one)

    Jules says —
    In the US and Canada, the only way to buy competition boules is to buy them online. In Canada, Marcod ( is a good source of Obut boules.

    If you shop online, you might consider getting a set of Obut leisure boules. The Obut leisure boules are much better than the Chinese-made ones. They cost more, of course, but they’re also considerably cheaper than a set of Obut competition boules.
    If you MUST buy from a store in Toronto, then Canadian Tire stores sell a set of 4 leisure boules for about CAN$ 40. Or you can visit and search for “petanque”.

    Canadian vendors often sell sets consisting of one or more pairs of boules. I don’t know why— you can’t play singles or doubles with such sets. But they may meet your particular needs.

  4. Hi, thanks for your informative site! I found it incredibly useful while researching two sets of JB boules.

    I noticed you warn against buying boules in sets of two. Was there a time when quality manufacturers sold them? The sets I have are boxed, so I know they were originally sold as a set of two, but they seem to be very high quality. There are no dates on the boxes, but the graphics suggest ’70s or ’80s to me. Is there a date or decade when sets of three became standard? Thanks!

    Jules says —
    JB was a good company. In fact, Jean Blanc was the one who, in the late 1920’s, invented the now-standard manufacturing process for boules — stamping steel blanks into hemispheres, and then welding the hemispheres together to create a hollow sphere. JB Petanque is gone now. The company was acquired by Obut, and the “JB” line was discontinued.

    Before 1959, a standard petanque game was a game of triples, with each player using two boules. And it was standard practice for manufacturers to sell boules in sets of two. It was only with the 1959 revision of the rules that singles and doubles were officially recognized, and even then (1959) the number of boules per player in singles or doubles wasn’t specified.

    By 1984, the standard configurations of boules for singles (3 boules per player), doubles (3 boules), and triples (2 boules) had become part of the rules. Manufacturers continued to sell boules in sets of both two and three, but as doubles became more popular, the market for 2-boule sets gradually declined. Finally, around 2012 Obut stopped selling competition boules in sets of two.

    jb_leisure_boules I was visiting eBay and saw your two sets. They look to me like JB leisure boules of a fairly recent vintage. The word “Entrainement” on the box is a clue, as is the fact that the logo is painted… something that you won’t see on competition boules. The starting bid of $19.99 strikes me as just about right.

  5. Is it possible to buy hollow plastic boules that can be filled with water or sand to increase their weight? I find that my traditional metal boules are too heavy to take on a plane to remote countries.

    Jules says…
    I don’t think so. There are plastic, water-filled boules on the market (see for example THESE). But they are completely sealed, and there is no way that they can be emptied and refilled at will. There is no way to make a cover or cap or seal that would be effective, easy to use, and could also withstand the punishment of being thrown around and hit by other balls.

  6. The people of Obut told me that the name DOG was invented by Antoine Dupuy, a former ingeneer of Obut in the 1950s who also was one of the founders of Obut. He came always to the factory with his dog, that was a bulldog. In French a ‘bouledogue’…

    Thanks, Jac! What a great story! — Jules

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